The disruption transport model: computing user delays resulting from infrastructure failures for multi-modal passenger & freight traffic

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Abstract

Transport infrastructure owners are moving from reactive toward proactive infrastructure management. This involves computation of costs associated with failure or maintenance, including expected transport delays. These delays are often computed by multiplying additional travel time by the number of travellers. However, this does not reflect the process of decision-making by travellers using the infrastructure asset, such as mode choices, departure time changes and trip cancellations to reduce time wasted in a traffic jam. Therefore, we introduce a multi-modal transport model that simulates travellers’ behaviour after a large-scale infrastructure failure at a critical node in the European TEN-T network. We use a novel approach of modelling the region around the infrastructure disruption in a very detailed manner, whereas the rest of Europe is modelled in a more basic way. This enables us to model impacts of disruptions in high detail, whereas also effects throughout Europe are considered, within reasonable computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Transport Research Review
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Critical infrastructure
  • Disruptions
  • TEN-T network
  • Traffic assignment
  • Transport model
  • Traveller behaviour

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