Tropospheric wet delay, the main source of which is water vapor, is one of the major factors affecting the accuracy of positioning techniques using microwave. Tropospheric tomography is a powerful method to reconstruct the water vapor content in four-dimensional (4D) space. This paper studies the effect of using function-based and voxel-based tropospheric tomography methods on the positioning accuracy. This examination is performed on the static and kinematic positioning modes using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) stations under different weather conditions. After validating the results of tomography methods using radiosonde observations, the tomography-based positioning solutions, including function-based and voxel-based approaches, are compared with the positions obtained using tropospheric models. The results of two GPS stations show that the accuracy increases when applying tomography approaches. The function-based tomography is able to increase the accuracy of the up component of the static and kinematic modes by about 0.42 and 0.79 cm, respectively, compared to the voxel-based method. In addition, the use of the function-based tropospheric tomography can decrease the convergence time of the kinematic Precise Point Positioning (PPP) solution.
- Precise Point Positioning
- Tropospheric tomography