The Effect of Geometry Parameters on Energy and Thermal Performance of School Buildings in Cold Climates of China

Anxiao Zhang, Regina Bokel, Andy van den Dobbelsteen, Yanchen Sun, Qiong Huang, Qi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper discusses the role of geometry parameters including building shape, window to wall ratio, room depth, and orientation on the energy use and thermal comfort of school buildings in cold climates of China. The annual total energy demand and summer thermal discomfort time were compared through computer simulations with DesignBuilder. Furthermore, a questionnaire was conducted that related to the students’ subjective preference for various building geometry parameters. Results showed that a maximum of 13.6% of energy savings and 3.8% of thermal comfort improvement when compared to the reference case could be achieved through variations in geometry parameters. The H shape performed the best when the building thermal performance and students’ preferences were considered, as well as the various design options for rchitects. Window to wall ratio, room depth, and orientation should also be carefully addressed in terms of different building types. The results of this study can serve as a reference for architects and school managers in the early design stages of schools in cold climates of China.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1708
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • school building
  • geometry parameter
  • Energy consumption
  • thermal comfort
  • geometric preference

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