The effect of H2S on internal dry reforming in biogas fuelled solid oxide fuel cells

Henry Wasajja*, S. Ali Saadabadi, Biju Illathukandy, Ralph E.F. Lindeboom, Jules B. van Lier, Purushothaman Vellayani Aravind

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Internal dry reforming of methane is envisaged as a possibility to reduce on capital and operation costs of biogas fuelled solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) system by using the CO2 present in the biogas. Due to envisaged internal dry reforming, the requirement for biogas upgrading becomes obsolete, thereby simplifying the system complexity and increasing its technology readiness level. However, impurities prevailing in biogas such as H2S have been reported in literature as one of the parameters which affect the internal reforming process in SOFCs. This research has been carried out to investigate the effects of H2S on internal dry reforming of methane on nickel-scandia-stabilised zirconia (Ni-ScSZ) electrolyte supported SOFCs. Results showed that at 800°C and a CH4:CO2 ratio of 2:3, H2S at concentrations as low as 0.125 ppm affects both the catalytic and electric performance of a SOFC. At 0.125 ppm H2S concentration, the CH4 reforming process is affected and it is reduced from over 95% to below 10% in 10 h. Therefore, future biogas SOFC cost reduction seems to become a trade-off between biogas upgrading for CO2 removal and biogas cleaning of impurities to facilitate efficient internal dry reforming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-383
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Science and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • HS
  • Internal dry reforming
  • Ni-based catalyst
  • SOFC poisoning


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