In this paper, we investigate the heating function of the nasal cavity qualitatively, using a high-quality, large-scale statistical shape model. This model consists of a symmetrical and an asymmetrical part and provides a new and unique way of examining changes in nasal heating function resulting from natural variations in nasal shape (as obtained from 100 clinical CT scans). Data collected from patients suffering from different nasal or sinus-related complaints are included. Parameterized models allow us to investigate the effect of continuous deviations in shape from the mean nasal cavity. This approach also enables us to avoid many of the compounded effects on flow and heat exchange, which one would encounter when comparing different patient-specific models. The effects of global size, size-related features, and turbinate size are investigated using the symmetrical shape model. The asymmetrical model is used to investigate different types of septal deviation using Mladina's classification. The qualitative results are discussed and compared with findings from the existing literature.
- Computational fluid mechanics
- Cylindrical parameterization
- Statistical shape model
- Thermal conditioning