The Efficacy of Operational Bird Strike Prevention

I.C. Metz, J. Ellerbroek, Thorsten Mühlhausen, Dirk Kügler, Stefan Kern, J.M. Hoekstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


Involving air traffic controllers and pilots into the bird strike prevention process is considered an essential step to increase aviation and avian safety. Prior to implementing operational measures such as real-time warning systems, it is vital to evaluate their feasibility. This paper studies the efficacy of a bird strike advisory system for air traffic control. In addition to the potential safety benefit, the possible impact on airport operations is analyzed. To this end, a previously developed collision avoidance algorithm underlying the system was tested in fast-time Monte Carlo simulations involving various air traffic and bird densities to obtain representative conclusions for different operational conditions. The results demonstrate the strong safety potential of operational bird strike prevention in case of precise bird movement prediction. Unless airports operate close to their capacity limits while bird abundance is high, the induced delays remain tolerable. Prioritization of hazardous strikes involving large individuals as well as flocks of birds are expected to support operational feasibility in all conditions
Original languageEnglish
Article number17
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalAerospace Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • airport
  • air traffic management
  • aviation
  • bird strike
  • collision avoidance algorithm
  • safety
  • wildlife management
  • Aviation
  • Air traffic management
  • Airport
  • Bird strike
  • Safety
  • Wildlife management
  • Collision avoidance algorithm

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