The fate of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during bank filtration under different environmental conditions: Batch and column studies

Ahmed Abdelrady*, Saroj Sharma, Ahmed Sefelnasr, Maria Kennedy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in source water highly influences the removal of different contaminants and the dissolution of aquifer materials during bank filtration (BF). The fate of DOM during BF processes under arid climate conditions was analysed by conducting laboratory-scale batch and column studies under different environmental conditions with varying temperature (20-30 °C), redox, and feed water organic matter composition. The behaviour of the DOM fractions was monitored using various analytical techniques: fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy coupled with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC-EEM), and size exclusion liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection (LC-OCD). The results revealed that DOM attenuation is highly dependent (p < 0.05) on redox conditions and temperature, with higher removal at lower temperatures and oxic conditions. Biopolymers were the fraction most amenable to removal by biodegradation (> 80%) in oxic environments irrespective of temperature and feed water organic composition. This removal was 20-24% lower under sub-oxic conditions. In contrast, the removal of humic compounds exhibited a higher dependency on temperature. PARAFAC-EEM revealed that terrestrial humic components are the most temperature critical fractions during the BF processes as their sorption characteristics are negatively correlated with temperature. In general, it can be concluded that BF is capable of removing labile compounds under oxic conditions at all water temperatures; however, its efficiency is lower for humic compounds at higher temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1730
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Dissolved organic matter
  • High temperature
  • LC-OCD
  • Organic matter composition
  • PARAFAC-EEM
  • Sub-oxic conditions

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The fate of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during bank filtration under different environmental conditions: Batch and column studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this