The enthalpy increment data for the (Th,U)O2 and (U,Pu)O2 solid solutions are reviewed and complemented with new experimental data (400–1773 K) and many-body potential model simulations. The results of the review show that from room temperature up to about 2000 K the enthalpy data are in agreement with the additivity rule (Neumann-Kopp) in the whole composition range. Above 2000 K the effect of Oxygen Frenkel Pair (OFP) formation leads to an excess enthalpy (heat capacity) that is modeled using the enthalpy and entropy of OFP formation from the end-members. A good agreement with existing experimental work is observed, and a reasonable agreement with the results of the many-body potential model, which indicate the presence of the diffuse Bredig (superionic) transition that is not found in the experimental enthalpy increment data.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2017|
- Actinide mixed oxides
- Heat capacity