The high-temperature heat capacity of the (Th,U)O2 and (U,Pu)O2 solid solutions

S.O. Valu, O. Beneš, D Manara, R. J.M. Konings*, M. W.D. Cooper, R. W. Grimes, C Guéneau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The enthalpy increment data for the (Th,U)O2 and (U,Pu)O2 solid solutions are reviewed and complemented with new experimental data (400–1773 K) and many-body potential model simulations. The results of the review show that from room temperature up to about 2000 K the enthalpy data are in agreement with the additivity rule (Neumann-Kopp) in the whole composition range. Above 2000 K the effect of Oxygen Frenkel Pair (OFP) formation leads to an excess enthalpy (heat capacity) that is modeled using the enthalpy and entropy of OFP formation from the end-members. A good agreement with existing experimental work is observed, and a reasonable agreement with the results of the many-body potential model, which indicate the presence of the diffuse Bredig (superionic) transition that is not found in the experimental enthalpy increment data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Actinide mixed oxides
  • Calorimetry
  • Heat capacity


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