The Hipparcos Catalogue

M. A.C. Perryman*, L. Lindegren, J. Kovalevsky, E. Høg, U. Bastian, P. L. Bernacca, F. Donati, M. Grenon, H. Van Der Marel, More Authors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2192 Citations (Scopus)


The principal observational characteristics of the Hipparcos Catalogue, and a summary of its main astrometric and photometric properties, are presented. Median astrometric standard errors (in position, parallax, and annual proper motion) are in the range 0.7-0.9 milliarcsec (mas) for stars brighter than 9 mag at the catalogue epoch (J1991.25). The catalogue is a materialisation of the ICRS reference system, coinciding with its principal axes at the level of ±0.6 mas, and with proper motions consistent with an inertial system at the level of ±0.25 mas/yr. The 118218 constituent stars provide a mean sky density of ∼ 3 stars deg-2. The catalogue is available in printed and machine-readable forms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L49-L52
Number of pages4
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Astrometry
  • Catalogues
  • Hipparcos
  • Parallaxes
  • Proper motions


Dive into the research topics of 'The Hipparcos Catalogue'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this