The Impact of Perioperative Remote Patient Monitoring on Clinical Staff Workflows: Scoping Review

Maria Alejandra León, Valeria Pannunzio, Maaike Kleinsmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Remote patient monitoring (RPM) interventions are being increasingly implemented in health care environments, given their benefits for different stakeholders. However, the effects of these interventions on the workflow of clinical staff are not always considered in RPM research and practice. Objective: This review explored how contemporary RPM interventions affect clinical staff and their workflows in perioperative settings. Methods: We conducted a scoping review of recent articles reporting the impact of RPM interventions implemented in perioperative settings on clinical staff and their workflow. The databases accessed were Embase and PubMed. A qualitative analysis was performed to identify the main problems and advantages that RPM brings to staff, in addition to the approaches taken to evaluate the impact of those interventions. Different themes were identified in terms of the challenges of RPM for clinical staff as well as in terms of benefits, risk-reduction strategies, and methods for measuring the impact of these interventions on the workflow of clinical staff. Results: A total of 1063 papers were found during the initial search, of which 21 (1.98%) met the inclusion criteria. Of the 21 included papers, 15 (71%) focused on evaluating new RPM systems, 4 (19%) focused on existing systems, and 2 (10%) were reviews. Conclusions: The reviewed literature shows that the impact on staff work experience is a crucial factor to consider when developing and implementing RPM interventions in perioperative settings. However, we noticed both underdevelopment and lack of standardization in the methods for assessing the impact of these interventions on clinical staff and their workflow. On the basis of the reviewed literature, we recommend the development of more robust methods for evaluating the impact of RPM interventions on staff experience in perioperative care; the adoption of a stronger focus on transition management when introducing these interventions in clinical practice; and the inclusion of longer periods of assessment, including the evaluation of long-term goals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere37204
Number of pages19
JournalJMIR Human Factors
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • mobile phone
  • nurses
  • perioperative care
  • perioperative medicine
  • physicians
  • remote patient monitoring
  • telehealth
  • telemonitoring
  • workflow

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