The Importance of Overpass Time in Agricultural Applications of Radar

S. Khabbazan, P.C. Vermunt, S.C. Steele-Dunne, J. Judge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of diurnal variation in internal and surface canopy water on L-band backscatter in the context of the influence of overpass time on agricultural applications. A unique and intensive dataset was collected during a full growing season of corn in Florida, USA in 2018. L-band data was collected by using a fully polarized scatterometer mounted on a crane. In order to measure internal vegetation water distribution and dry biomass, pre-dawn destructive sampling was conducted three times a week for a full growing season. In addition, soil moisture, meteorological, dew, and interception data were measured every 15 minutes for the entire growing season. Results demonstrate that the presence of surface canopy water and diurnal internal water dynamics can each affect the radar backscatter up to 3–4 dB. The surface canopy water also affects the relationship between radar and crop biophysical variables. In corn, the spearman rank correlation between backscatter and biophysical variables is, on average, about 0.2 higher for dry vegetation compared to wet vegetation. The results highlight the possible influence of overpass time on the interpretation of radar data for vegetation monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Place of PublicationDanvers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-0369-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-4762-1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventIGARSS 2021: 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Virtual at Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 11 Jul 202116 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)


ConferenceIGARSS 2021
CityVirtual at Brussels

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • surface canopy water
  • sub-daily radar
  • L-band backscatter
  • crop monitoring
  • VWC


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