The influence of CO2 on NO reduction into N2 over reduced ceria-based catalyst

Yixiao Wang, Michiel Makkee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


Oxygen defects in reduced ceria are the catalytic sites for the NO reduction into N2 in the Toyota Di-Air DeNOx abatement technology. Traces of NO (several hundred ppm) have to compete with the excess amount of other oxidants, e.g., 5% CO2 and 5% O2, in an exhaust gas of a lean burn (diesel) engine. The reactivities of CO2 and NO over a reduced ceria and noble metal loaded reduced ceria have been investigated under ultra-high vacuum system in TAP and under atmosphere pressure in in-situ Raman and flow reactor set-up. The results showed that CO2 was a mild oxidant which was able to oxidise the oxygen defects, but hardly oxidised deposited carbon over both ceria and noble metal loaded ceria. NO was a stronger oxidant and more efficient in refilling the oxygen defects and able to convert the deposited carbon, which acted as buffer reductant to extend the NO reduction time interval. NO was selectively and completely converted into N2. The presence of excess CO2 hardly affected the NO reduction process into N2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Accepted Author Manuscript


  • Ceria
  • CO activation
  • NO reduction
  • Noble metal
  • Oxygen defects


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