The influence of partial force balancing on the shaking moments, contact forces, and precision of a delta robot-like manipulator in a compliant frame

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Abstract

For the Delta robot, a high-speed parallel pick-and-place manipulator, base vibrations are a significant problem. Especially since the Delta robot is suspended above its workpiece, it requires a large, stiff, and heavy base frame for fast and accurate motions. Dynamic balancing of the shaking forces and the shaking moments is a known technique to reduce the dynamic loads on the base frame and to the surroundings. In this paper it is investigated how solely with partial force balancing, dynamic loads and pick-and-place accuracy of a Delta robot-like manipulator can be improved, considering also the compliance of the base frame. This is done since partial force balance solutions can be implemented relatively simply in the current Delta robot designs, whereas full force and moment balance solutions are complex to apply in practice. Numerical simulations with a representative planar model of a Delta robot-like manipulator with a compliant base frame show that with an increasing amount of force balance the shaking moments increase up to 16% for full force balance. The floor contact forces first reduce and then increase with increasing force balance. With 43% force balance the floor contact forces are minimal, giving a 63% reduction. The end-effector accuracy slightly improves with increasing force balance until full force balance yields a 31% accuracy improvement. A further increase of the force (over) balance shows a 59% improvement of end-effector accuracy for 350% force balance. These effects are mainly due to the typical design of the Delta robot base frame and the way the robot is mounted to it.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 5B: 42nd Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
PublisherASME
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5181-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2018 - Quebec City, Canada
Duration: 26 Aug 201829 Aug 2018

Conference

ConferenceASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2018
Abbreviated titleIDETC/CIE 2018
CountryCanada
CityQuebec City
Period26/08/1829/08/18

Keywords

  • Robots
  • Manipulators

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    De Jong, J. J., Meijaard, J. P., & Van Der Wijk, V. (2018). The influence of partial force balancing on the shaking moments, contact forces, and precision of a delta robot-like manipulator in a compliant frame. In Proceedings ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference: Volume 5B: 42nd Mechanisms and Robotics Conference [DETC2018-86189] ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2018-86189