The microstructural evolution and elemental distribution of a 3rd generation 1 GPa advanced high strength steel during double pulse resistance spot welding

Parisa Eftekharimilani, EM van der Aa, Marcel Hermans, Ian Richardson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)
    86 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This paper presents the effects of double pulse resistance spot welding (RSW) on the microstructural evolution, elemental distribution and mechanical properties of a 3rd generation 1 GPa advanced high strength steel (AHSS). In order to investigate the effect of double pulsing, the steel was exposed to single and various double pulse RSW schedules. The first current pulse was applied to create the weld nugget, while the second current pulse generated a secondary weld nugget and annealed or (partial) re-melted the primary weld nugget, depending on the magnitude of the current. The effect of the second current pulse on the weld nugget and heat-affected zone characteristics was investigated using optical microscopy and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). Optical and electron microscopy revealed that the secondary weld nugget is fully martensitic, showing a typical solidification microstructure, while the annealed zone reveals an equi-axed martensitic structure. EPMA results showed that elemental segregation has been considerably reduced in the annealed zone. Mechanical properties of the welds show that the AHSS studied is prone to weld metal failure for single pulse RSW. However, the double pulse RSW method can lead to significantly improved mechanical performance and favourable failure modes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)691 - 701
    JournalWelding in the World
    Volume61
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Resistance spot welding
    • Low alloy steels
    • Microstructure
    • Segregation
    • Mechanical properties

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'The microstructural evolution and elemental distribution of a 3rd generation 1 GPa advanced high strength steel during double pulse resistance spot welding'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this