The Production and Performance of Heat Bonded Glass Connections: an Experimental Study

A.M. Eskes, Diana de Krom, T. Bristogianni, L.M. Rammig, F.A. Veer, R. Nijsse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

21 Downloads (Pure)


Connecting glass with heat bonds is a way to create all-transparent glass structures. Two methods have been researched in theory and practice, glass welding, through local heating, and glass fusion through global heating. Both methods have been applied to produce 10 mm thick T-sections of soda lime glass while preventing thermal shock failure and minimizing residual stress. These specimen, and specimen with an adhesive joint, have been tested destructively. It is concluded that it is possible to connect 10 mm thick soda lime glass by welding, if the glass is preheated and the surrounding temperature remains elevated during the welding process. Additionally, glass fusion of a similar product through global heating is possible for the applied temperature schedule. The mould has a paramount influence on the quality of the product. For both production methods, the annealing schedule was adequate to reduce residual stress. The average strength of the fused specimen was 44% larger. The standard deviation of the welded specimen was smaller: the standard deviation relative to the mean value was 9% for the welded specimen and 60% for the fused specimen. However, the amount of tested specimen is little. This research is a proof of concept for heat bonding soda lime glass of a structurally relevant thickness.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChallenging Glass Conference
Subtitle of host publicationConference on Architectural and Structural Applications of Glass, CGC 7
EditorsChristian Louter, Freek Bos, Jan Belis
PublisherTU Delft OPEN
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)978-94-6366-296-3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventCGC 7: Challenging Glass Conference (Webinar): 7th International Conference on the Architectural and Structural Application of Glass - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 4 Sept 20204 Sept 2020


ConferenceCGC 7: Challenging Glass Conference (Webinar)


  • Heat bond
  • Transparent connection
  • Thermal
  • Weld
  • Fuse


Dive into the research topics of 'The Production and Performance of Heat Bonded Glass Connections: an Experimental Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this