The role of lithium salt concentration in the active corrosion protection of aluminium alloys

Emina Michailidou, Peter Visser, Arjan Mol, Yaiza Gonzalez Garcia

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientific


    It has been demonstrated previously that lithium salts containing organic coatings offer effective active corrosion protection on AA2024-T3 alloys when exposed to neutral salt spray test for 168 hours [1, 2]. In the presence of a coating defect the lithium salts leach from the organic coating to the exposed metal substrate increasing the local pH to moderate alkaline conditions followed by the formation of a protective layer within the defect site [2, 3]. The lithium accumulation at the defect site and hence the formation of the protective layer is influenced by the inhibitor loading and solubility in the coating as well as the coating defect size. Three different surface compositions of the lithium protective layer have been recently identified as lithium-based layered double hydroxide (Li-LDH), lithium mixed pseudo-boehmite (Li-PB) and pseudo-boehmite (PB) each depending on the lithium leaching rate and the coating defect size [4]. For small defect sizes a high lithium concentration is hypothesized to result in the generation of Li-LDH. Furthermore, Li-PB is identified within moderate defect sizes and moderate inhibitor concentration and PB is generated within large defect sizes where low lithium concentrations are expected.

    On this basis, this paper describes the lithium active corrosion protection on aerospace aluminium alloys as a function of the inhibitor concentration. In doing so, commercial AA2198-T8 and AA2024-T3 aluminium alloys are immersed for 24 hours in lithium salt containing aqueous solutions at systematically varied lithium salts concentration from 10-6 M to 10-1 M. The alloys are then transferred to 10-1 M aqueous NaCl solution at near neutral pH conditions and either LPR measurements are performed as a function of time over 100 hours or anodic polarization is performed. The surface composition of the alloys after 24 hours immersion in lithium containing aqueous solution is also characterized.

    The surface composition and the electrochemical characteristics of each lithium passive layer generated is determined as a function of the lithium concentration. The surface composition of the passive layer ranges from PB to Li-PB and Li-LDH with increasing inhibitor concentration. The polarization resistance obtained as a function of time is correlated to the corrosion rate of each generated passive layer thus demonstrating the corrosion protection performance of Li-LDH, Li-PB and PB. The generation and corrosion protection performance of each passive layer is also demonstrated under relatively thin electrolyte layers mimicking the exposure of a coating defect and the leaching of lithium salt from the coating matrix under atmospheric conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    Event236th ECS Meeting 2019 - Atlanta, United States
    Duration: 13 Oct 201917 Oct 2019


    Conference236th ECS Meeting 2019
    CountryUnited States

    Bibliographical note

    ECS Meeting Abstracts - Volume MA2019-02, C03-Localized Corrosion


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