The transport and fate of riverine fine sediment exported to a semi-open system

Philippe Delandmeter, Stephen E. Lewis, Jonathan Lambrechts, ELC Deleersnijder, Vincent Legat, Eric Wolanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the transport and fate of suspended sediment exported by rivers is crucial for the management of sensitive marine ecosystems. Sediment transport and fate can vary considerably depending on the geophysical characteristics of the coastal environment. Fine sediment transport was studied in a setting in between “open” (uninterrupted coasts) and “semi-enclosed” (bays) coastal systems, namely a “semi-open” system of shallow coastal water with long (∼20 km) stretches of open coasts separated by capes and headlands. The case study was the large, seasonal, Burdekin River that discharges to a wide continental shelf containing headlands and shallow embayments adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. A new three-dimensional fine sediment module for the unstructured-mesh SLIM 3D hydrodynamic model was developed. The model was successfully validated against available field data. The results were compared to previous studies on the Burdekin River sediment transport and differences were analysed. Wind direction and speed during river floods largely control the dynamics and the fate of the fine sediment. Most (67% for 2007) of the riverine fine sediment load is deposited near the river mouth; the remaining sediment is transported further afield in a riverine freshwater plume; that sediment can reach sensitive marine ecosystems and should be a priority for management. During the rest of the year, when the river flow has ceased, wind-driven resuspension events redistribute the deposited sediment within embayments but generate negligible longshore transport. This study suggests that semi-open systems trap most of the riverine fine sediment, somewhat like semi-enclosed systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-346
Number of pages11
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Fine sediment transport
  • Semi-open system
  • Settling and resuspension
  • Burdekin river in the great barrier reef
  • SLIM 3D
  • Unstructured mesh

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