The Unity of Dependence

Jack Casey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Most philosophers treat ontological dependence and metaphysical dependence as distinct relations. A number of key differences between the two relations are usually cited in support of this claim: ontological dependence’s unique connection to existence, differing respective connections to metaphysical necessitation, and a divergence in their formal features. Alongside reshaping some of the examples used to maintain the distinction between the two, I argue that the additional resources offered by the increased attention the notion of grounding has received in recent years potentially offer us a way to unite the two relations, promising the attendant benefits parsimony offers, as a result.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-317
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the American Philosophical Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Dependence
  • Grounding
  • Metaphysics
  • Ontology


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