The present research analyzes the nonlinear fluid–structure interaction (FSI) of free surface waves with large-scale polymer offshore floating photovoltaics (LPOFPV). The floating structure is modeled as a nonlinear Euler Bernoulli–von Kármán (EBVK) beam coupling with water beneath. The EBVK theory takes the in-plane force into consideration to account for the moderately large deflection slopes in LPOFPV. A multi-time-scale perturbation method leads to hierarchic partial differential equations by introducing the wave steepness squared as the perturbation. The analytical solution of the proposed nonlinear FSI model is obtained up to the second order. Pontoon structures and LPOFPV are studied and compared. The asymptotic solution provides the expressions of the propagating wave through the coupled system and its frequency–amplitude dispersion relation in a closed-form. A property of the solution is that the progressive plane wave through the coupled system remains linear for small dimensionless amplitudes, and features a second order correction for moderately large dimensionless amplitudes. Furthermore, it is also theoretically proven that no resonance occurs in the considered infinite problem. The proposed approach can be extended to the nonlinear coupling between a EBVK beam and Stokes waves.
- Nonlinear fluid–structure interaction
- Euler Bernoulli–von Kármán beam
- Large-scale polymer offshore floating photovoltaics
- Perturbation method