Thermal Aging Based Degradation Parameters Determination for Grid-Aged Oil Paper Insulation

Devayan Basu, Babak Gholizad, Rob Ross, Shima Mousavi Gargari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Elevated thermal stress-related aging is significant on the oil-impregnated paper (OIP) used as insulation in high-pressure gas cables (HPGCs). The aim of this article is to develop a cheap alternative for lab dielectric measuring and characterizing temperature-dependent parameters for OIP. First, this article derives the operating thermal conditions of the grid-aged cable based on IEC standards after analyzing the loading data using machine learning techniques to determine the elevated temperature levels for the experiments. Second, a novel lab-fabricated inexpensive electronics circuit is developed for polarization and depolarization current (PDC) measurements which can be adapted for such measurements over expensive commercial devices. From the measured parameters, an extended three-branch Debye model is optimized using a developed error function approach based on the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and goodness of fit. The model indicated a reduction in the branch resistance with temperature elevation and aging, whereas the branch capacitance revealed an increasing trend. The resultant relaxation time (RC) showed a decrease overall. Last, a short-duration frequency domain spectrum was analyzed and extrapolated to obtain parameters for a wide range of frequencies and fit in a Cole-Cole model, derived for oil-paper insulation. The time constants obtained from this model also confirmed a reducing trend across the temperature and aging variations and the model parameter, the alpha coefficient showed a decreasing trend. Last, the effect of the measured dielectric parameters is reflected with breakdown values to investigate the effect of temperature on the electrical life of insulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)734-743
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Aging
  • Cable insulation
  • Cole-Cole Model
  • Current measurement
  • Dielectric measurement
  • Extended Debye Model
  • Frequency Dielectric Spectroscopy
  • Insulation
  • Mathematical models
  • Oil Impregnated Paper (OIP)
  • Polarization/ Depolarization
  • Temperature measurement
  • Thermal Stress


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