Thermal ionization and thermally activated crossover quenching processes for 5d-4f luminescence in Y3 A l5-x G ax O12: P r3+

Jumpei Ueda, Andries Meijerink, Pieter Dorenbos, Adrie J J Bos, Setsuhisa Tanabe

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Abstract

We investigated thermally activated ionization and thermally activated crossover as the two possibilities of quenching of 5d luminescence in Pr3+-doped Y3Al5-xGaxO12. Varying the Ga content x gives the control over the relative energy level location of the 5d and 4f2:PJ3 states of Pr3+ and the host conduction band (CB). Temperature-dependent luminescence lifetime measurements show that the 5d luminescence quenching temperature T50% increases up to x=2 and decreases with further increasing Ga content. This peculiar behavior is explained by a unique transition between the two quenching mechanisms which have an opposite dependence of thermal quenching on Ga content. For low Ga content, thermally activated crossover from the 4f5d state to the 4f2(PJ3) states is the operative quenching mechanism. With increasing Ga content, the activation energy for thermally activated crossover becomes larger, as derived from the configuration coordinate diagram, while from the vacuum referred binding energy diagram the activation energy of thermal ionization becomes smaller. Based on these results, we demonstrated that the thermal quenching of Pr3+:5d1-4f luminescence in Y3Al5-xGaxO12 with x=0,1,2 is a thermally activated crossover while for x=3,4,5 it results from the thermal ionization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014303
JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2017

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