Thickness-Dependent Refractive Index of 1L, 2L, and 3L MoS 2 , MoSe 2 , WS 2 , and WSe 2

Chunwei Hsu*, Riccardo Frisenda, Robert Schmidt, Ashish Arora, Steffen Michaelis de Vasconcellos, Rudolf Bratschitsch, Herre S.J. van der Zant, Andres Castellanos-Gomez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)
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An interesting aspect of 2D materials is the change of their electronic structure with the reduction of thickness. Molybdenum and tungsten-based transition metal dichalcogenides form an important family of 2D materials, whose members show a thickness-dependent bandgap and strong light–matter interaction. In this work, the experimental determination of the complex refractive index of 1-, 2-, 3-layer thick MoS 2 , MoSe 2 , WS 2 , and WSe 2 in the range from 400 to 850 nm of the electromagnetic spectrum is reported by using microreflectance spectroscopy and combined with calculations based on the Fresnel equations. It is further provided a comparison with the bulk refractive index values reported in the literature and a discussion of the difference/similarity between our work and the monolayer refractive index available from the literature, finding that the results from different techniques are in good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900239
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • 2D materials
  • refractive index
  • thickness-dependent optical properties
  • transition metal dichalcogenides


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