Three-Dimensional Quantitative Flow Visualization Around a Thrust Reverser

Ilda Hysa*, Marthijn Tuinstra, Andrea Sciacchitano, Fulvio Scarano, Nicholas Schwartz, Charles Harrison, Roy Gebbink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Volumetric particle tracking velocimetry measurements are performed in a low-speed wind tunnel to study the flow around a 1:12-scale aircraft model with jet engines operating with thrust reversers. The engine jet and freestream flow velocity are varied to yield a jet to freestream velocity ratio of Vjet/V ranging from 1.5 to 6. Measurements at such scale (0.5 m3) require the use of strongly scattering helium-filled soap bubbles as flow tracers, which are introduced in both the jet and the freestream flow. The tracer’s three-dimensional motion is determined using an array of cameras and a Lagrangian particle tracking algorithm. The mean velocity field reveals the jet inner structure as well as its interaction with the freestream, the ground board, the nacelle, the fuselage, and the horizontal and vertical tails. The experiments allow detection of exhaust reingestion as well as the aerodynamic interference with control surfaces at the tail segments in a single measurement volume. The results are in good agreement with conventional temperature rake measurements while adding details of the flow topology and of the large-scale unsteady flow fluctuations. Finally, the jet reversal characteristics with varying freestreams and nozzle pressure ratios are assessed, demonstrating the feasibility and versatility of volumetric velocimetry measurements for industrial aerodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5404-5414
Number of pages11
JournalAIAA Journal
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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