This article introduces a three-mode variable-frequency zero-voltage switching (ZVS) modulation method for the four-switch buck+boost converter. This method makes this circuit concept well suited for applications, such as wireless power charging of electric vehicles, where this circuit operates as a power buffer between the resonant converter and the battery with the function to implement the required charging profile. Herein, the buck+boost converter operation is subdivided into three operating regions according to the converter static voltage gain, i.e., buck-, buck-boost- and boost-type modes. A ZVS turn-on triangular current mode (TCM) control is adopted for buck-type and boost-type modes. In the buck-boost-type mode when the input-to-output voltage gain is close to unit, all the possible modulation cases are studied thoroughly based on the phase shift of the two half bridges in a full switching period. The selection of the most suitable modulation scheme is performed to minimize the rms value of the inductor current while taking into account the simplification of the practical implementation. Closed-form equations are derived, which makes it easy to implement in practice. The proposed strategy is described, analyzed, and finally verified through a 3 kW surface mounted device (SMD) silicon carbide (SiC) mosfet-based laboratory prototype with designed input voltage of 300-600 V and the typical output voltage of 400 V class battery. The efficiency from the measured results is remarkably high, i.e., between 99.2% and 99.6% in a power range from 1 to 3 kW. Finally, tests for the operating mode transitions demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed modulation method. The power density of this converter is 4.86 kW/L.
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- DC-DC power converters
- phase shift
- Silicon carbide
- variable frequency
- Zero voltage switching
- zero voltage switching (ZVS)