Topological charge distributions of an interacting two-spin system

György Frank, Dániel Varjas, Péter Vrana, Gergo Pintér, András Pályi

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Quantum systems are often described by parameter-dependent Hamiltonians. Points in parameter space where two levels are degenerate can carry a topological charge. Here we theoretically study an interacting two-spin system where the degeneracy points form a nodal loop or a nodal surface in the magnetic parameter space, similarly to such structures discovered in the band structure of topological semimetals. Key results of our work are that (1) we determine the topological charge distribution along these degeneracy geometries and (2) we show that these nonpointlike degeneracy patterns can be obtained not only by fine-tuning but they can be stabilized by spatial symmetries. Since simple spin systems such as the one studied here are ubiquitous in condensed-matter setups, we expect that our findings, and the physical consequences of these nontrivial degeneracy geometries, are testable in experiments with quantum dots, molecular magnets, and adatoms on metallic surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035414
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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