Topological properties of multiterminal superconducting nanostructures: Effect of a continuous spectrum

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Abstract

Recently, it has been shown that multiterminal superconducting nanostructures may possess topological properties that involve Berry curvatures in the parametric space of the superconducting phases of the terminals, and associated Chern numbers that are manifested in quantized transconductances of the nanostructure. In this paper, we investigate how the continuous spectrum that is intrinsically present in superconductors, affects these properties. We model the nanostructure within scattering formalism deriving the action and the response function that permits a redefinition of Berry curvature for continuous spectrum. We have found that the redefined Berry curvature may have a nontopological phase-independent contribution that adds a nonquantized part to the transconductances. This contribution vanishes for a time-reversible scattering matrix. We have found compact expressions for the redefined Berry curvature for the cases of weak energy dependence of the scattering matrix and investigated the vicinity of Weyl singularities in the spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165414
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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