Toward a Zero-Emission Container Terminal: Simulation-Based Research on Horizontal Equipment

Ron van Duin*, C. van der Wijst, H. Geerlings, G.P. van Wee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

40 Downloads (Pure)


A brownfield container terminal aims to realize a zero-emission vehicle fleet by 2040. To prepare for the fleet investments, the terminal wants to ascertain the consequences for its costs and operational performance of implementing a new generation of zero-emission equipment for the horizontal transportation of the containers at the terminal. To address this issue, a literature research is carried out to formulate the technological criteria for energy carriers and to identify possible energy sources that could facilitate the transition from a fossil fuel-based vehicle fleet toward a zero-emission vehicle fleet. The list of possible energy carriers is reduced by an assessment. The outcome of the assessment results in two best options, namely, the lithium-ion battery and hydrogen, for the vehicle fleet. Consequently, a discrete event simulation is carried out to assess the operational performances of these two energy carriers. This approach can be applied for many other terminals that are exploring ways to achieve a zero-emission fleet.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 101 st Annual Meeting Transportation Research Board
Place of PublicationWashington
PublisherTransportation Research Board (TRB)
Number of pages12
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
EventTransportation Research Board 101st Annual Meeting 2022: Innovating an Equitable, Resilient, Sustainable, and Safe Transportation System. - 801 Mt. Vernon Place NW, Washington, United States
Duration: 9 Jan 202213 Jan 2022


ConferenceTransportation Research Board 101st Annual Meeting 2022
Abbreviated titleTRB 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


Dive into the research topics of 'Toward a Zero-Emission Container Terminal: Simulation-Based Research on Horizontal Equipment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this