Towards a realization of device-independent quantum key distribution

G. Murta*, S. B. Van Dam, J. Ribeiro, R. Hanson, S. Wehner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


In the implementation of device-independent (DI) quantum key distribution (QKD) we are interested in maximizing the key rate, i.e. the number of key bits that can be obtained per signal, for a fixed security parameter. In the finite size regime, we furthermore also care about the minimum number of signals required before key can be obtained at all. Here, we perform a fully finite size analysis of device independent protocols using the CHSH inequality both for collective and coherent attacks. For coherent attacks, we sharpen the results recently derived in Arnon-Friedman et al (2018 Nat. Commun. 9 459), to reduce the minimum number of signals before key can be obtained. In the regime of collective attacks, where the devices are restricted to have no memory, we employ two different techniques that exploit this restriction to further reduce the number of signals. We then discuss experimental platforms in which DIQKD may be implemented. We analyse Bell violations and expected QBER achieved in previous Bell tests with distant setups and situate these parameters in the security analysis. Moreover, focusing on one of the experimental platforms, namely nitrogen-vacancy based systems, we describe experimental improvements that can lead to a DI QKD implementation in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035011
Number of pages34
JournalQuantum Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • device-independent
  • quantum cryptography
  • quantum key distribution


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