We present results from two large-volume volumetric flow experiments. The first of these, investigating a thermal plume at low velocities (up to 0.35 m/s) demonstrates the abilities and requirements to reach volume sizes up to and probably beyond one cubic meter. It is shown that the use of Helium filled soap bubbles (HFSBs) as tracers, combined with pulsed LED illumination yields high particle image quality over large volume depths. A very uniform particle imaging, both in space as well as in time enables using high particle image concentrations (up to 0.1 ppp), while still being able to accurately reconstruct the flow using Shake-The-Box particle tracking. The experiment consisted of time-resolved volumetric flow measurements of a convectional plume within a volume of approx. 0.55 m3 (550 liters). The light yield needed for such a large scale measurement is realized by using HFSBs with 300 !m diameter as tracers and illuminating the measurement region using high-power, scalable arrays of white LEDs. Applying the Shake-The-Box algorithm, up to 275,000 bubbles could be tracked simultaneously. Interpolating the results on a regular grid (using ‘FlowFit’) reveals a multitude of flow structures. The setup can be scaled to larger volumes of several cubic meters, basically only being limited by the number and power of available LEDs and high-resolution cameras with sufficient frame-rate and pixel sizes. A second experiment showcases the possibilities to reach higher flow velocities, while still measuring within a comparatively large volume, by applying high-speed imaging and advanced LED illumination. An impinging turbulent jet was investigated in volumes ranging from 13 to 47 liters, depending on the repetition rate of the camera system. The results show that even at a repetition rate of 3.9 kHz and flow speeds up to 17 m/s the tested system was able to deliver images that allowed for a reliable and accurate tracking of bubbles.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics|
|Place of Publication||Lisbon, Portugal|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2016|
|Event||18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics - The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal|
Duration: 4 Jul 2016 → 7 Jul 2016
Conference number: 18
|Conference||18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics|
|Period||4/07/16 → 7/07/16|
- Lagrangian Particle Tracking
- LED volume illumination
- Helium filled soap bubbles
Schanz, D., Huhn, F., Gesemann, S., Dierksheide, U., van de Meerendonk, R., Manovski, P., & Schröder, A. (2016). Towards high-resolution 3D flow field measurements at cubic meter scales. In Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics Springer.