Purpose: To remove the necessity of the tranceive phase assumption for CSI-EPT and show electrical properties maps reconstructed from measured data obtained using a standard 3T birdcage body coil setup. Methods: The existing CSI-EPT algorithm is reformulated to use the transceive phase rather than relying on the transceive phase assumption. Furthermore, the radio frequency (RF)-shield is numerically implemented to accurately model the RF fields inside the MRI scanner. We verify that the reformulated two-dimensional (2D) CSI-EPT algorithm can reconstruct electrical properties maps given 2D electromagnetic simulations. Afterward, the algorithm is tested with three-dimensional (3D) FDTD simulations to investigate if the 2D CSI-EPT can retrieve the electrical properties for 3D RF fields. Finally, an MR experiment at 3T with a phantom is performed. Results: From the results of the 2D simulations, it is seen that CSI-EPT can reconstruct the electrical properties using MRI accessible quantities. For 3D simulations, it is observed that the electrical properties are underestimated, nonetheless, CSI-EPT has a lower standard deviation than the standard Helmholtz based methods. Finally, the first CSI-EPT reconstructions based on measured data are presented showing comparable accuracy and precision to reconstructions based on simulated data, and demonstrating the feasibility of CSI-EPT. Conclusions: The CSI-EPT algorithm was rewritten to use MRI accessible quantities. This allows for CSI-EPT to fully exploit the benefits of the higher static magnetic field strengths with a standard quadrature birdcage coil setup.
- contrast source inversion
- dielectric tissue mapping
- electrical properties tomography
- transceive phase