Transformation of Urban Communities from Within: Residents’ Role in Lilong’s Attributive Switch Between Market-led Commodity and State-controlled Property

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Abstract

The state has owned most historical buildings since the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Residents within are entitled to the right to use the house in the form of a lease. After entering a free trade housing market in 1988, residents in historic neighbourhoods of Shanghai have been suffering uncertainty of their identities. Residents’ role, responsibilities and obligations within urban transformation, has always been in suspense and strongly affected by multiple stakeholders’ decisions. Based on an analysis of the relationship between the native residents and the historic Lilong communities they are living in, this paper examines stakeholders’ heritage approaches in three typical transforming project, to explore residents’ mobility and behaviour within varied urban transformation and socio-economic development. Through a literature review, fieldwork and a pilot study in Xintiandi, Tianzifang and Chunyangli districts, urban transformation in historic urban communities from within is found literally rare in China. This paper argues that residents could not clarify their role by living in urban heritage, neither obtaining house-ownership to define their position nor being treated as one component of urban heritage. Government in China has been indeed the character who mediates between all stakeholders and bears the most burden.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Planning History Society Conference
Subtitle of host publicationYokohama 2018: Looking at the World History of Planning
PublisherDelft University of Technology
Pages588-597
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventIPHS 2018: 18th International Planning History Society Conference - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 15 Jul 201819 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings International Planning History Society
Number1
Volume18
ISSN (Electronic)2468-6956

Conference

ConferenceIPHS 2018: 18th International Planning History Society Conference
CountryJapan
CityYokohama
Period15/07/1819/07/18

Keywords

  • urban transformation
  • Lilong houses
  • historic urban communities
  • native residents
  • participation
  • housing policy
  • government
  • intangible heritage

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