Transforming Airport Hubs into Future-Proof Multimodal Transport Hubs

Aniek Toet*, J.I. van Kuijk, Sicco Santema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperScientificpeer-review

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Developments in sustainability and digitisation outline a future of mobility, with multimodal transport becoming the new normal. Travel modalities will no longer be the focal point of mobility, but passenger experiences and the services that provide these will. In a mobility landscape where the passenger experience is key, and multi-leg trips are the norm, Multimodal Transport Hubs are essential players as they can facilitate high-quality intermodal transfers. However, this advanced application of Multimodal Transport Hubs does not yet exist in practice.

By employing a scoping review, this research aims to investigate the position of airport hubs as Multimodal Transport Hubs in the future of mobility, as airport hubs physically unite several transport infrastructures but only offer transfers with high-quality services within air traffic and not – to, from and between other modalities. To become future-proof, airport hubs should transform into truly Multimodal Transport Hubs that provide transfers with high-quality services from at least ultra-long to long and medium-range modalities.

However, airport hubs have features such as a complex stakeholder landscape, long development times, reliance on transport operators and uncertainty about the added value of integrating new travel modalities that make modality innovation at airport hubs a systemic design challenge. This research identified a lack of theoretical knowledge regarding harnessing and integrating alternative and new modalities at airport hubs to transform them into fully integrated Multimodal Transport Hubs. In particular, how to assess and select new and alternative modalities, how to determine the appropriate level of engagement in different stages, and how to integrate new modalities at airport hubs should be investigated in future research.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventRelating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD11) Symposium: Possibilities and practices of systemic design - University of Brighton, Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 13 Oct 202216 Oct 2022


ConferenceRelating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD11) Symposium
Abbreviated titleRSD11
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • mobility
  • transport
  • multimodal hubs
  • airport hubs
  • innovation


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