Transient acceleration in belt conveyor speed control

Yusong Pang, Daijie He, Gabri Lodewijks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


In bulk material handling applications, belt conveyors generally run at a constant speed. The belt can be only partially filled when the loaded material flow at the tail of the conveyor is smaller than the nominal conveying capacity of the system. Literature including DIN 22101 indicates that reducing the belt speed, and thereby maximizing the belt loading degree, always results in a reduction of the required drive power. To maximize the loading degree in operations, belt conveyor speed control has been proven to effectively achieve energy savings in dry bulk material transport. Current studies of speed control mainly focus on establishing models to predict the energy savings and on developing methods for variable conveyor speeds in conveyor startup operations. There is little research that focuses on the effect of belt conveyor acceleration in transient operations associating belt conveyor dynamics. If the acceleration is too high and the regulation of speed is too frequent, speed control may potentially damage the system or reduce the technical lifetime of the entire system. This paper presents an approach to determine the admissible acceleration and the applicable acceleration frequency under transient operations. Taking into account the risks of belt over-tension, slippage between drive pulley and belt and drive motor overheating, the maximally allowed acceleration is estimated. Further the estimation is evaluated by finite element method to optimize the acceleration towards a proper speed control process with respect to conveyor dynamics. A case study shows the implementation of the approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Bulk Materials Storage, Handling and Transportation
Subtitle of host publicationICBMH 2016
Place of PublicationBarton, Australia
PublisherACT Engineers Australia
ISBN (Print)9781922107886
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event12th International Conference on Bulk Materials Storage, Handling and Transportation - Darwin, Australia
Duration: 11 Jul 201614 Jul 2016


Conference12th International Conference on Bulk Materials Storage, Handling and Transportation
Abbreviated titleICBMH 2016

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