Transmission compensated primary reflection retrieval in the data domain and consequences for imaging

Lele Zhang*, Jan Thorbecke, Kees Wapenaar, Evert Slob

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
66 Downloads (Pure)


We have developed a scheme that retrieves primary reflections in the two-way traveltime domain by filtering the data. The data have their own filter that removes internal multiple reflections, whereas the amplitudes of the retrieved primary reflections are compensated for two-way transmission losses. Application of the filter does not require any model information. It consists of convolutions and correlations of the data with itself. A truncation in the time domain is applied after each convolution or correlation. The retrieved data set can be used as the input to construct a better velocity model than the one that would be obtained by working directly with the original data and to construct an enhanced subsurface image. Two 2D numerical examples indicate the effectiveness of the method. We have studied bandwidth limitations by analyzing the effects of a thin layer. The presence of refracted and scattered waves is a known limitation of the method, and we studied it as well. Our analysis indicates that a thin layer is treated as a more complicated reflector, and internal multiple reflections related to the thin layer are properly removed. We found that the presence of refracted and scattered waves generates artifacts in the retrieved data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)Q27-Q36
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • acoustic
  • internal multiples


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