Transmission line models of planar slot antennas

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We propose a systematic approach to describe planar slot antennas, embedded in generic stratified media. An equivalent transmission line model for the slot is proposed, based on a spectral domain analysis. First, we introduce a method of moments solution to model semi-infinite slots, fed by a deltagap excitation. The solution entails only two basis functions, one located at the feed and the other at the termination. The latter basis function is chosen to properly account for the field diffractive behavior at the antenna end point. An approximate circuit model is then introduced, which describes the main mode propagating along the slot as an equivalent transmission line. Lumped impedances are extracted to accurately describe the source and the end point. This procedure can be used to derive the input impedance of planar antennas with arbitrary length in generic layered media or the interaction between multiple feeds within the same slot.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, Jul. 7-12 2019
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0692-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0693-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Equivalent circuit
  • input impedance
  • slot antenna

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