Trimesic acid on Cu in ethanol: Potential-dependent transition from 2-D adsorbate to 3-D metal-organic framework

Philipp Schäfer, Anusha Lalitha, Paula Sebastian, Santosh Kumar Meena, Juan Feliu, Marialore Sulpizi, Monique A. van der Veen, Katrin F. Domke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the potential-dependent interactions of trimesic acid with Cu surfaces in EtOH. CV experiments and electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy show the presence of an adsorbed trimesic acid layer on Cu at potentials lower than 0 V vs Cu. The BTC coverage increases as the potential increases, reaching a maximum at 0 V. Based on molecular dynamics simulations, we report adsorption geometries and possible structures of the organic adlayer. We find that, depending on the crystal facet, trimesic acid adsorbs either flat or with one or two of the carboxyl groups facing the metal surface. At higher coverages, a multi-layer forms that is composed mostly of flat-lying trimesic acid molecules. Increasing the potential beyond 0 V activates the Cu-adsorbate interface in such a way that under oxidation of Cu to Cu2 +, a 3-D metal-organic framework forms directly on the electrode surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-234
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume793
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017

Keywords

  • Cu UPD
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Organic electrolytes
  • Self-assembled monolayers

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