Two-matrix composites: Carbon fiber micropultrusions embedded in flexible epoxy matrices

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Abstract

Two-matrix composites combine fibers with two distinct matrices. This is achieved by impregnating fiber bundles with a high-stiffness matrix and embedding the cured bundles in a flexible matrix. Two-matrix composites have been shown to offer unprecedented combinations of transverse flexibility and longitudinal tensile strength, and could offer improved fiber alignment and manufacturability. Here, we explore this concept further by embedding carbon fiber micropultrusions in flexibilized epoxy matrices and examining the longitudinal compression behavior. Our results on thin-walled rings reveal that the failure mode depends on micropultrusion diameter, with small diameters resulting in micropultrusion kinking and larger diameters in splitting and crushing. Additionally, we find that two-matrix composites can offer higher compression strength than conventional composites with the same flexible matrix, despite a lower fiber volume fraction. The inherent manufacturing advantages and high anisotropy could make two-matrix composites interesting candidates for specific applications, such as morphing wings or additively manufactured composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Mechanical testing (D)
  • Filament winding (E)
  • Mechanical properties (B)
  • Transverse cracking (B)

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