Types of spatial mobility and the ethnic context of destination neighbourhoods in Estonia

Kadi Mägi, K Leetmaa, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)
    17 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: Most studies of the ethnic composition of destination neighbourhoods after residential moves do not take into account the types of moves people have made. However, from an individual perspective, different types of moves may result in neighbourhood environments which differ in terms of their ethnic composition from those in which the individuals previously lived.

    Objective: We investigate how the ethnic residential context changes for individuals as a result of different types of mobility (immobility, intra-urban mobility, suburbanisation, and long-distance migration) for residents of the segregated post-Soviet city of Tallinn. We compare the extent to which Estonian and Russian speakers integrate in residential terms.

    Methods: Using unique longitudinal Census data (2000-2011) we tracked changes in the individual ethnic residential context of both groups.

    Results: We found that the moving destinations of Estonian and Russian speakers diverge. When Estonians move, their new neighbourhood generally possesses a lower percentage of Russian speakers compared with when Russian speakers move, as well as compared with their previous neighbourhoods. For Russian speakers, the percentage of other Russian speakers in their residential surroundings decreases only for those who move to the rural suburbs or who move over longer distances to rural villages.

    Contribution: By applying a novel approach of tracking the changes in the ethnic residential context of individuals for all mobility types, we were able to demonstrate that the two largest ethnolinguistic groups in Estonia tend to behave as ‘parallel populations’ and that residential integration remains slow.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number41
    Pages (from-to)1161-1192
    Number of pages32
    JournalDemographic Research
    Volume34
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2016

    Keywords

    • Estonia
    • ethnic segregation
    • intra-urban moves
    • migration
    • spatial integration
    • suburbanisation

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