Unconventional Trajectories for Mobile 3D Scanning and Mapping

Fabian Arzberger*, Jasper Zevering, A. Bredenbeck, Dorit Borrmann, Andreas Nüchter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

State-of-the-art LiDAR-based 3D scanning and mapping systems focus on scenarios where good sensing coverage is ensured, such as drones, wheeled robots, cars, or backpack-mounted systems. However, in some scenarios more unconventional sensor trajectories come naturally, e.g., rolling, descending, or oscillating back and forth, but the literature on these is relatively sparse. As a result, most implementations developed in the past are not able to solve the SLAM problem in such conditions. In this chapter, we propose a robust offline-batch SLAM system that is able to address more challenging trajectories, which are characterized by weak angles of incidence and limited FOV while scanning. The proposed SLAM system is an upgraded version of our previous work and takes as input the raw points and prior pose estimates, yet the latter are subject to large amounts of drift. Our approach is a two-staged algorithm where in the first stage coarse alignment is fast achieved by matching planar polygons. In the second stage, we utilize a graph-based SLAM algorithm for further refinement. We evaluate the mapping accuracy of the algorithm on our own recorded datasets using high-resolution ground truth maps, which are available from a TLS.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Autonomous Mobile Mapping Robots [Working Title]
PublisherIntechOpen
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

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