Understanding and Improving the Performance of Constructive Interference Using Destructive Interference in WSNs

Vijay S. Rao, R. Venkatesha Prasad, T. V. Prabhakar, Chayan Sarkar, Madhusudan Koppal, Ignas Niemegeers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The constructive interference (CI) phenomenon has been exploited by a number of protocols for providing energy-efficient, low-latency, and reliable data collection and dissemination services in wireless sensor networks. These protocols consider CI to provide highly reliable packet delivery. This has attracted attention to understand the working of CI; however, the existing works present inconsistent views. Furthermore, these works do not study in the real-world settings where the physical conditions of deployment and unreliable wireless channels also impact the performance of CI. Therefore, we study the phenomenon of CI, considering a receiver's viewpoint and analyze the parameters that affect CI. We validate our arguments with results from extensive and rigorous experimentation in real-world settings. This paper presents comprehensive insights into the CI phenomenon. With the understanding, we develop the destructive interference-based power adaptation (DIPA), an energy-efficient and distributed algorithm, that adapts transmission power to improve the performance of CI. Since CI-based protocols cannot have an explicit acknowledgment packet, we make use of destructive interference on a designated byte to provide a feedback. We leverage this feedback to adapt transmission powers. We compared CI with and without DIPA in two real-life testbeds. On one testbed, we achieve around 25% lower packet losses while using only half of its transmission power for 64-B packets. On the other testbed, we achieve 25% lower packet losses while consuming only 47% of its transmission power for 128-B packets. Existing CI-based protocols can easily incorporate DIPA into them to achieve lower packet losses and higher energy efficiencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8638794
Pages (from-to)505-517
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Concurrent transmissions
  • constructive interference
  • destructive interference.
  • energy efficient communications
  • IEEE 802.15.4
  • wireless sensor networks


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