Understanding the nano-photonics absorption limit in both front-side and front/rear-side textured slabs

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Surface texturing is one of the main techniques to enhance light absorption in solar cells. In thin film devices, periodic texturing can be used to excite the guided resonances supported by the structure. Therefore, total absorption is enhanced largely due to the excitation of these resonances. Although the maximum absorption enhancement limit in both bulk and photonic structures is known already, the weight of each resonance type in this limit is not yet clear. In this contribution, we extend the temporal couple-mode theory, deriving a closed formula to distinguish the contribution of Fabry-Perot and wave-guided modes within the absorption limit for 1-D grating structures. Secondly, using this analytical approach, we can clearly address cases of bulk and thin absorber thicknesses. Our results, supported by rigorous electromagnetic calculation, show that absorption enhancement in a 1-D grating structure can be much higher than the nano-photonic limit (2πn) reported by Yu et al. Thirdly, beyond the framework put forward by Yu et al., we extended our theory to describe the absorption enhancement in double side textured slabs. We have found that when the periods of top and bottom gratings are aliquant, absorption is enhanced in a wider frequency range. We provide rigorous numerical calculations to support our theoretical approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A1173-A1187
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Express
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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