Unified Equivalent Steady-State Circuit Model and Comprehensive Design of the LCC Resonant Converter for HV Generation Architectures

Saijun Mao, Chengmin Li, Wuhua Li, Jelena Popovic, Stefan Schroder, Jan Abraham Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a unified equivalent circuit model which can simplify the design and analysis of a family of high-voltage (HV) generation architectures based on the series-parallel (LCC) resonant converter is proposed. First, four HV generation architectures are reviewed in terms of the modularization level of HV transformers and rectifiers. Next, the steady-state, unified equivalent resistor and capacitor (RC) model that can be easily embedded into the resonant tank to replace the complex HV transformers and rectifiers is derived. The generic model can be applied to the HV generators with different architectures, different voltage multiplier topologies, stage, and polarities number. Further analysis of the power factor of the resonant tank, the voltage gain of HV generators, and electrical stresses of power components is achieved with the derived equivalent circuit model. The analysis reveals the inherent circuit properties among HV generators with different configurations. Subsequently, a comprehensive design methodology considering the power factor, conduction angle, and quality factor is presented, which leads to low electrical stresses on the components and high efficiency. Furthermore, the parameter selection constraint based on the power factor, conduction angle, and quality factor is derived, which can ensure the effective design outputs. Finally, the proposed unified equivalent model and comprehensive design methodology are validated by the experimental results of a 250 V input, 20 kV output 500 W HV generator hardware prototype with distributed transformers and voltage multipliers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7531-7544
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Converter design
  • high-voltage (HV) generator
  • LCC resonant converter
  • steady-state model
  • voltage multiplier

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