Unraveling Transparency and Accountability in Blockchain

Rizal Batubara, Jolien Ubacht, Marijn Janssen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)


Blockchain technology is heralded for improving trust and can provide a new approach for creating transparency and promoting accountability of government activities. However, it is still not clear how and in what ways blockchain technologies can improve this. This study examines the mechanisms and capability of blockchain technology to contribute to improved transparency and
accountability in government. We use a set of system transparency and accountability concepts and mechanisms to critically assess the capabilities of blockchain . By means of a land registration case in Indonesia we investigate the effects of blockchain on the transparency and accountability of the system. Creating transparency and accountability might be more difficult than expected, as non technical issues need to be addressed. Based on our assessment we discuss key issues, including digital ID, privacy, interoperability, connectivity and technology aware population, computational efficiency and storage size, acceptability, check and control mechanism, data validity, digital signature, algorithm transparency, law and regulation support, and dispute resolution, that must be considered in developing a transparent and accountable blockchain based e-Government system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research
EditorsYu-Che Chen, Fadi Salem, Anneke Zuiderwijk
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-7204-6
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event20th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Age of Artificial Intelligence - Mohammed Bin Rashid School of Government, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 18 Jun 201920 Jun 2019

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference20th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research
Abbreviated titledgo2019
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Accountability
  • Blockchain
  • E-Government
  • Land registry
  • Transparency


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