Update Scheduling for ADMM-based Energy Sharing in Virtual Power Plants Considering Massive Prosumer Access

Cheng Feng, Kedi Zheng, Yangze Zhou, Peter Palensky, Qixin Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


With the proliferation of distributed energy resources (DERs), electricity consumers in virtual power plants (VPPs) are transitioning into prosumers and are encouraged to share surplus energy with peers. Nevertheless, large-scale energy sharing among thousands of prosumers may encounter communication-related challenges. Communication network congestion may result in a significant increase in the negotiation waiting time to reach a sharing agreement, and potentially risks exceeding the deadline of negotiation before the market gate closes, rendering energy sharing ineffective. This paper proposes an online partial-update algorithm for the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM)-based energy sharing. By restricting the update connection between the VPP and the prosumers, the algorithm selects a subset of the prosumers participating in ADMM updates each round, hence eliminating the excessively long waiting time caused by communication congestion. Considering the delay induced by massive prosumer communication access requests, a method for determining the optimal number of prosumers participating in updates is provided. To fully utilize the limited update opportunities, a fair and efficient prosumer update scheduling policy is designed. The VPP schedules the participation of prosumers in updates such that the convergence-critical prosumers receive higher priority, yet every prosumer is granted sufficient update opportunities. Additionally, the extra computation and communication overheads brought by the prosumer scheduling are minimized, allowing the whole algorithm to be executed in real time. Numerical studies are conducted to validate the effectiveness of the algorithm and its performance in reducing the overall convergence time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3961-3975
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Energy Sharing
  • Virtual Power Plant
  • ADMM
  • Machine type Communications
  • Access Delay
  • Update Scheduling
  • Distributed Energy Resource


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