Urban Manufacturing for Circularity: Three Pathways to Move from Linear to Circular Cities

B. Hausleitner*, Adrian Hill, Teresa Domenech, V. Muñoz Sanz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)


Urban manufacturing and manufacturers play a vital role in delivering circular economy ambitions through processing materials, providing skills and technology for repair or reconditioning goods and the capacity to deliver innovative technology. The transdisciplinary approach of Cities of Making (CoM) puts forward three ways of addressing manufacturing, and by extension, circularity, within urban areas. Central to triangulate the facilitation of urban manufacturing are the perspectives of (1) material flows and technology, (2) spatial design (3) people and networks. The integration of the three pathways requires convergence while retaining the richness of the three perspectives. The challenge is to find a common language that provides a comparable, operative framework for exploring possible solutions. The CoM framework of integration followed three main principles: (1) reducing the complexity of information, (2) reducing the complexity of combinations of possible solutions, and (3), applying an accessible, applicable instrument for the solutions. The resulting pattern language is co-created in a transdisciplinary setting and is also an instrument for the transdisciplinary application. The low threshold accessible system of solutions allows actors from different disciplines to access patterns developed in the context of another discipline and laypeople who are affected or interested to co-create.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegenerative Territories
Subtitle of host publicationDimensions of Circularity for Healthy Metabolisms
EditorsLibera Amenta, Michelangelo Russo, Arjan van Timmeren
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-78536-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-78535-2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameGeoJournal Library
ISSN (Print)0924-5499
ISSN (Electronic)2215-0072


  • Manufacturing
  • Pattern language
  • Transdisciplinary approach
  • Circularity and technology
  • Urban integration
  • People networks


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