Urban Pandemic Vulnerability and COVID-19: A New Framework to Assess the Impacts of Global Pandemics in the Metropolitan Region of Amsterdam

Y. Wang, R. Ordonhas Viseu Cardoso*, C. Forgaci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper presents the concept of urban pandemic vulnerability as a crucial framework for understanding how COVID-19 affects cities and how they react to pandemics. We adapted existing social and environmental urban vulnerability frameworks to assess pandemic impacts and responses, identifying the appropriate components and spatial, environmental and socio-demographic variables of interest. Pandemic vulnerability depends on exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity features, which occur in different combinations in different parts of a city. The model was applied to the Metropolitan Region of Amsterdam (MRA) to create a map of pandemic vulnerability. This map differentiates between affected areas according to the types of vulnerability they experience, and it accurately identified the most vulnerable areas in line with real-world data. The findings contribute to clarifying the challenges brought by COVID-19, identifying vulnerability thresholds and guiding planning towards pandemic resilience
Original languageEnglish
Article number4284
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Metropolitan Region Amsterdam
  • urban vulnerability
  • pandemic vulnerability
  • urban indicators

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