Using co-creation methods for research integrity guideline development: How, what, why and when?

Krishma Labib, Daniel Pizzolato, P.J. Stappers, Natalie Evans, Iris Lechner, Guy Widdershoven, Lex Bouter, Chris Diericks, Katinka Bergema, Joeri Tijdink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)


Existing research integrity (RI) guideline development methods are limited in including various perspectives. While co-creation methods could help to address this, there is little information available to researchers and practitioners on how, why and when to use co-creation for developing RI guidelines, nor what the outcomes of co-creation methods are. In this paper, we aim to address this gap. First, we discuss how co-creation methods can be used for RI guideline development, based on our experience of developing RI guidelines. We elaborate on steps including preparation of the aims and design; participant sensitization; organizing and facilitating workshops; and analyzing data and translating them into guidelines. Secondly, we present the resulting RI guidelines, to show what the outcome of co-creation methods are.Thirdly, we reflect on why and when researchers might want to use co-creation methods for developing RI guidelines. We discuss that stakeholder engagement and inclusion of diverse perspectives are key strengths of co-creation methods. We also reflect that co-creation methods have the potential to make guidelines implementable if followed by additional steps such as revision working groups. We conclude that co-creation methods are a valuable approach to creating new RI guidelines when used together with additional methods.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalAccountability in Research
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • co-creation
  • guideline development
  • online research methods
  • research integrity
  • research policy


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