Using positive images to manage resistance-to-care and combative behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia: A pilot study

Wei Ying Chou*, Christine Waszynski, Jeanne Kessler, Yu Ching Chiang, P. John Clarkson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This pilot study attempted to reduce resistance-to-care (RTC) and combative behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia by eliciting their positive affect. Four female residents with dementia were recruited from a nursing facility. Each resident was involved in one intervention trial and one control trial. The response of the residents was assessed by the Agitated Behavior Scale and the Observational Measurement of Engagement Tool. The distress level of the certified nursing assistants (CNAs) delivering the care was reported through the Distress Thermometer. Results showed that the residents displayed fewer behavioral symptoms in the intervention trial than in the control trial. The CNAs reported less distress in the intervention trial than in the control trial. These preliminary findings suggest that it might be feasible to use positive images to reduce residents' behavioral symptoms and decrease the distress of CNAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Combative
  • Dementia
  • Emotion regulation
  • Non-pharmacological interventions
  • Positive affect
  • Positive emotion
  • Resistance-to-care

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Using positive images to manage resistance-to-care and combative behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this