Using the HLA for distributed continuous simulations

Muhammad Usman Awais, Wolfgang Mueller, Atiyah Elsheikh, Peter Palensky, Edmund Widl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Distributed computing offers many advantages for all types of computational applications. Realizing heterogeneous simulation platforms may benefit from many facilities of distributed computing. However, distributing simulation components over a network raises many challenges concerning communications, data exchange, numerical stabilities and others. A well-known solution that addresses some of these challenges is the High Level Architecture (HLA). The HLA is an industry standard for distributed simulation and interoperability. So far the HLA has been used in industry for Discrete Event Simulations (DES). In this paper it is presented how the HLA can also be employed for continuous simulations. Two HLA specific algorithms for distributing explicitly coupled continuous simulation components over the network are presented. The simulation components follow the Functional Mock-up Interface (FMI) specification. The FMI is a specification for model exchange and co-simulation among simulation tools. Any simulation component conforming to FMI, generated from any of the more than forty simulation tools1 that are supporting or planning to support the FMI, can be considered in the proposed architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 8th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation, EUROSIM 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780769550732
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event8th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation, EUROSIM 2013 - Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Sep 201313 Sep 2013


Conference8th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation, EUROSIM 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityCardiff, Wales


  • co-simulation
  • continuous simulation
  • distributed simulation
  • Functional Mock-up Interface (FMI)
  • High Level Architecture (HLA)
  • Modelica
  • parallel simulation
  • simulation interoperability

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