When investigating the effect of muddy seabeds on marine vessels using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, one challenge is to adequately describe the complex non-Newtonian fluid behaviour of mud. Although a number of rheological models have been proposed in the past, mud sediments are often simply regarded either as highly viscous Newtonian fluids or as Bingham fluids in many engineering applications. In this study, we investigate the accuracy of the Bingham model for numerical predictions of the viscous forces on a plate moving through fluid mud in laminar regime. In this context, a plate could be regarded as the flat bottom of a ship hull. The aim is to provide CFD practitioners with information about the accuracy of the Bingham model for the prediction of the frictional resistance of a ship sailing through fluid mud. This work presents a comparison of experimental and numerical data on the resistance of a plate moving through fluid mud from the Europoort area (Netherlands). Results suggest that the regularised Bingham model can be a reasonable compromise between simplicity and accuracy for CFD simulations to investigate the effect of muddy seabeds on marine vessels. A comparison between CFD data and analytical formulas is also presented.
- Yield stress